At times of acute physical pain, it is often in the interest of medical professionals to reduce the pain to tolerable levels before proceeding with any remedial action. There are various pain relieving drugs which act as instant pain dissipaters like morphine and opium. Codeine is one such narcotic pain reliever and cough remedy and it is important to gain more information on such useful agents.
The basic mechanism of pain transmission is linked to the opioid receptors which are fundamentally responsible for every painful sensation that we experience. The exact mechanism of morphine is known and it is a calculated guess of medical experts that codeine also functions similarly, by binding to the brain receptors; thus reducing discomfort, increasing tolerance to pain and inducing drowsiness as a side-effect. The popular combination used is codeine, Tylenol and aspirin which work together perfectly as a pain suppressant.
One of the disadvantages of consuming codeine is that it is addictive just like any other narcotic. It also induces plenty of minor side-effects, some of which include dizziness, nausea, itching, etc. Excess consumption can lead to life-threatening side-effects too, which is why doctors prescribe specific dosages. The maximum recommended dosage for cough treatment is 120 mg in time intervals of 24 hours.
At medical stores, codeine is available in the form of tablets, solutions and even injections. Patients suffering from asthma or intestinal blockage are advised against using codeine. Also, children are not to be given dosages recklessly because of the possibilities of addiction, overdose or even death. Some people prefer taking dosages with milk and food if it upsets their stomach. Also, ample consumption of water is a must in order to prevent constipation because that happens to be a common side-effect of codeine. At the end of the day, being too careful never harmed anyone, right?